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Philosophers of  the Arabs

 Mohammed Aziz Lahbabi
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Mohammed Aziz Lahbabi (1922- 1993), a Moroccan philosopher, novelist and poet, known by his humanistic/Islamic view applied to his philosophy of personalism.

His Life

 Lahbabi finished his secondary school in Morocco and continued his studies at the Sorbonne in Paris and received a doctorate of philosophy in two parts, 'On personal being' (1954) and 'Liberty or Liberation' (1956). He became professor of philosophy and dean of the faculty of letters at the Mohammed V University in Rabat.

Lahbabi was one of the founders of the Union of Arab Writers of the Maghreb and the review Afaq (Horizons). He was nominated for the 1987 Nobel Prize for Literature.

His Philosophy

Under the influence of the philosophy of Henry Pergson and Emmanuel Mounier, Lahbabi tried to forge a philosophy based on an Islamic humanism, utilizing the personalist philosophy. Guided by the Qur'an and the traditional Islamic writings, Lahbabi analyzed the autonomy of the person, the personal consciousness, and the meaning of the individuality. In the end he tried to reconcile Western humanist thought with Arab/Islamic thought through personalism.

  His Works

Lahbabi has written in a diverse fields, poetry, fiction, and non-fiction books on economics, politics, and literature and some of his writings were translated to many other languages. Some of the most important of his books are:

o       De l'Être à la Personne "On personal being" (1954)

o       Liberté ou Libération "Liberty of liberation" (1956)

o       Du clos à l'ouvert  (1961)

o       Le Personnalisme Musulman "The Islamic Personalism" (1964)

o       Le gouvernement marocain à l'aube de XXe siècle, "The Moroccan Goverment on the beginning of the 20th century (1968)

o       La série L'Économie marocaine: Notions essentielles,"The series on the Moroccan: essentials of the nations" (1977)

o       Les Fondements de l'économie marocaine, "The fundamentals of the Moroccan economy" (1977)

o       Le Monde de demain: le Tiers-Monde accuse "The world of tomorrow: the third world challenges" (1980)


o       Espoir vagabond (1972)